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The term automation refers to the control systems which are used to automate various types of workflow. It comes from the word automatic. The use of automation technologies has been on the rise since 1947. Most of the industry in the developed countries, such as the United States, install control systems in order to minimize the manual labor and enhance the precision and efficiency. Automated machines are very popular because of their precision.
Home automation and its benefits
The use of control systems has gained considerable popularity in past few years. There are many home activities that can be regulated by automated devices and sensors. For example, automated security alerts controlled by sensors are of great importance. Having a smart home where most of the work is controlled by robots is going to be the future of home automation.
All of the work in a house; entertainment, cooking, electric and gas system, plumbing, and security can be automated through wireless systems. In other words, home automation is capable of running most of the indoor operations. Homeowners, however, can choose among some home automation applications. Some of the benefits of home automation are:
- More spare time for households
- Quick and easy controls
- Flawless security mechanism
- Better environment for social gatherings
- Space enhancement
- Power saving
Industrial Automation and its applications
Industrial automation is primarily used to control production processes that may include manufacturing and material handling. It has the power to replace the human beings by mechanical systems that can run the whole production process in an industry. Technology has developed to an extent that it can make decisions on the behalf of managers. Industrial robotics is a part of industrial automated systems that are responsible for various manufacturing operations. Some of the manufacturing processes facilitated by this technology are:
- Material handling
Industrial robotics is basically a combination of three systems; computer, mechanical, and electrical. The prime objectives of using a control system are to achieve precision and pace. Machines can outsmart human beings in terms of speed and accuracy. Some of the advantages of automated industrial systems are:
- It can surpass the human capacity to work
- Cost-effective manufacturing processes
- Machines can easily operate in hazardous environment
- Maintenance cost is very low
The trend of using labor force in the industry will soon come to an end. It will have few disadvantages as well. However, automation is a great way to increase the production level and minimize human errors.